M34 Open Cluster

Saturday , 7, December 2013 Leave a comment
Messier 34, M34,
Messier 34

For a full size image click here.

Exposures: LRGB 9 x 180 Bin1

Telescope: Televue NP101 + .8 Reducer

Camera: QSI 683

Mount: AP900

Distance: 1,400 Light Years                                            

Magnitude: 5.5                                                                    

Size:  35 Arc-minutes                                                       

Age: Approx. 180 Million Years                                     

Messier 34 is an open star cluster in the constellation of Perseus. It is one of the closest Messier objects at about 1,400 light years and contains about 500 stars. The blue stars in my image are some of the newest stars in the cluster and make up a small part of the cluster. The rest of the cluster contains stars that are older such as white dwarfs that have lost the ability to fuse hydrogen. It is the range of stars that fall in to and off from the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram that indicate the age of star clusters.

As I was processing this image I noticed several small spiral and elliptical galaxies in the background. There was even a small planetary nebula in there! I compared my image to a star chart and labeled them in the image below. One thing that stood out was that these galaxies were all labeled in the PGC (Principal Galaxy Catalog) catalog and are in the 15-18 magnitude range. The image below is annotated with the galaxy names that I could find but there are still several other galaxies in the image that I could not identify.

M34 Annotated version:

Messier 34 Annotated, M34 Annotated
Messier 34 Annotated

For a full size image click here.

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